People’s Assembly of Kazakhstan works to forge ethnic unity in the country

April 28, 2022 8:43 p.m. STI

Nur-Sultan [Kazakhstan]April 28 (ANI): The People’s Assembly of Kazakhstan (APK) composed of 526 delegates from the Regional People’s Assemblies, which was established on the initiative of the first President Elbasy Nursultan Nazarbayev has several objectives, including ensuring social harmony and national unity of the country on the basis of Kazakh patriotism, civil and spiritual and cultural community of ethnic groups.
The People’s Assembly of Kazakhstan (APK), formed in 1995, has worked over the years to promote “social harmony and national unity” in the country.
The APK is made up of 526 people, with its members including authoritative public figures, politicians, members of parliament and regional maslikhats, businessmen, journalists, creative and scientific intellectuals, elders, etc.
The purpose of the APK is to ensure social harmony and national unity in the Republic of Kazakhstan on the basis of Kazakh patriotism, civil and spiritual and cultural community of ethnic groups of Kazakhstan with the role of consolidating the Kazakh people.
The main activities of the APK are assistance in the development and implementation of state policy to ensure public harmony and national unity; assistance in the development of Kazakh patriotism; popularization of the study of the official language and other languages ​​of the Kazakh people and development of the Kazakh model of public harmony and national unity.
The APK is also involved in monitoring the sphere of inter-ethnic relations; participation in the socio-political review of bills dealing with public policy issues; policies in the field of inter-ethnic relations; development of recommendations and implementation of practical measures to resolve disagreements and disputes, prevention of conflict situations in the field of interethnic relations; methodological, organizational and legal assistance to ethnocultural associations; the creation of conditions for dialogue between government agencies and public associations on the strengthening of interethnic relations; aid for the development of charity, mediation, etc.
The People’s Assembly of Kazakhstan is a unique institution created on the initiative of the country’s first president, Elbasy Nursultan Nazarbayev, by decree of March 1, 1995. The chairman of the APK is the President of Kazakhstan Kassym-Jomart Tokayev.
The chairman of the APK has three deputies – the head of the APK secretariat, which is part of the presidential administration, as well as the deputy chairman of the APK – Azilkhanov Marat Almasovich. Two (public) Vice-Presidents of the APK from ethno-cultural associations are appointed by order of the President every year in rotation on the recommendation of the APK Council – Maya Tolegovna Bekbayeva and Zakirjan Pirmukhamedovich Kuziev.
Vice-presidents of the APK represent the Assembly in state bodies and international organizations, carry out the instructions of the President of the APK on the implementation of the decisions of the session of the APK and the council of the APK and also inform the Chairman of the APK of the state of affairs and the implementation of the APK program documents if necessary.
Regional APKs have also been established in the cities of Nur-Sultan, Almaty, Shymkent and regions. They are led by the respective Akims of the regions.
The APK session is convened by the President of Kazakhstan with an order to convene a regular session with an outline of the date, place and agenda. An extraordinary session may be convened at the initiative of the APK President, the APK Council or at the request of the APK members.

The exclusive obligation of the APK session is the election of 5 deputies of the Senate of the Parliament of Kazakhstan, the development of conceptual approaches to determine the development of the APK and their submission to the President, hearing the reports APK members.
Over the years of independence, the APK has proven to be a unique institution for intercultural and interethnic dialogue, an effective tool for people’s diplomacy and interaction between the state and civil society.
More than 29 years after the establishment of the People’s Assembly of Kazakhstan, the organization has achieved the consolidation and integration of ethnic groups on the basis of Kazakh identity and citizenship.
The tasks of the APK are to ensure effective interaction of state bodies and institutions of civil society in the field of interethnic relations, to create favorable conditions for strengthening social harmony and to strengthen the unity of the Kazakh people.
In its effort to promote ethnic unity, the APK also runs “friendship houses” in Kazakhstan. There are 40 such friendship houses nationwide, as well as 174 Sunday schools, including 124 official language teaching groups.
Friendship Houses are open and functioning in all regions, the Republican Friendship House operates in Almaty. Friendship houses are resource, cultural and methodological centers for ethnocultural associations, as well as project offices and places of formation and dissemination of ideas of unity, interethnic harmony, education in patriotism Kazakh, aid to support priority projects aimed at strengthening social harmony.
The offices of the APK’s ethnic and cultural associations, Sunday schools are located in the Friendship Houses, where meetings, events and councils are held.
The institution has also created conditions for the development of languages, traditions and cultures of Kazakh ethnic groups in accordance with international standards; and worked for the recognition of the unifying role of the Kazakh language as a state language.
The APK also promotes a Journalists Club as a permanent platform that contributes to the consolidation of media efforts in enhancing tolerance and preserving public harmony and national unity. The Club develops recommendations for the media on the coverage of inter-ethnic topics, actively promotes topics of Kazakh patriotism, respect for the traditions of ethnic groups in the field of information and promotes the popularization of the study of the language of State.
An APK Foreign Friends Club has also been established, which includes friendship ambassadors from France, Azerbaijan, Germany, Uzbekistan and the Russian Federation, while negotiations on cooperation with the United States are ongoing.
The APK engages in a range of other activities in order to achieve its goals, including public awards and scientific and expert advice, among other initiatives. (ANI)

James C. Tibbs